You are here:
KS1 SATs – End of Year 2
SATs are a series of assessments in Maths, English and Science carried out in two stages during your child’s primary education at the end of year 2 and again at the end of year 6. Key Stage 1 SATs consist of formal assessments in Maths, Reading and Writing. Your child’s class teacher will also make informal assessments in these subjects, as well as science, throughout the year.
When will my child take KS1 SATs?
Maths and English SATs take place in May (they’re not date-specific as KS2 SATs are, so you probably won’t know in advance when the tests are due to take place) and are not given all at once – assessments are spread out over a period of time, and are worked into the normal routine in such a way that the children may not feel like they’re being tested. KS1 SATs are not timed. The teacher will use their knowledge of your child and their current attainment to decide whether the level 2 or 3 test is most appropriate.
There are different tasks for each of the formally assessed subjects:
Reading – Paper 1: consists of a selection of texts with questions interspersed amongst the text Paper 2: comprises a reading booklet with a selection of passages; answers are written in a separate booklet. Each paper is worth 50 marks and should take around 30 minutes although there is not a strict time limit.
Writing – Paper 1: 20 word spelling test taking approximately 15 minutes and worth 10 marks Paper 2: a grammar, punctuation and vocabulary test in 2 sections of around 10 minutes each worth 20 marks.
Maths - Paper 1: arithmetic worth 25 marks and taking approximately 15 minutes Paper 2: mathematical fluency, problem solving and reasoning worth 35 marks and taking 35 minutes.
Of course, we would like the children to perform to the best of their ability during the tests but if they do not, it is worth remembering that the tests merely support the teacher assessment judgments. If there is sufficient evidence in your child’s books and the teacher’s records, a higher level than was attained in the test can be submitted to the Local Education Authority. Parents are informed of their child’s levels through the end of year summary report.
How do I know whether my child has done well?
How can I help my child prepare for SATs?
There are a number of ways you can work on literacy and numeracy concepts at home that will help your child in the classroom, which in turn will give them the knowledge to achieve the target level for their age group. Explicit revision is not necessary but looking for opportunities for the following would be beneficial:
- Read together every day and ask questions about the story/text. Remember to read fiction and non-fiction texts as the children are expected to answer questions using both text types.
- Use number problems in everyday life: at the shops, on the bus, telling the time, counting objects into groups to share them equally.
- Make up stories and tell them to each other. Ask for a good and a bad character, a setting and one idea of some action and make up a story. Then ask your child to do the same!
More generally, we would encourage your child to be well rested and as calm as possible. Try not to worry about the SATS as children are very good at picking up on the vibes! If your child is not well enough to attend school, do not worry about them missing the tests. At KS1 it is possible to allow children to complete them on their return to school as part of the normal school day.
Where can I find KS1 SATs sample papers?
Click here for KS1 sample papers for all the areas of testing.
KS2 SATs – End of Year 6
In the summer term of 2016, children in Year 6 will be the first to take the new SATs papers. These tests in English and Maths will reflect the new national curriculum and are intended to be more rigorous. There will also be a completely new marking scheme.
These tests will be both set and marked externally. Your child’s marks will be used in conjunction with teacher assessment to give a broader picture of their attainment. The test results will be used to measure your child’s progress and the school’s performance; secondary schools also use end of KS2 results to predict future attainment for your child which will inform decisions around streaming and GCSE options.
What is Tested?
This year, your child will be involved in a reading comprehension test, maths test and a Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling (GPS) test.
Science is no longer tested at the end of KS2, although a small percentage of schools do have to undertake a sampling test. At this stage, we have not been informed by the DfE that this will be required for our current cohort this year. You will be informed if this changes.
As you will already be aware, your child’s class teacher has been assessing their progress throughout Year 6. As well as their SATs results, you will be informed of your child’s attainment based upon the ongoing assessments undertaken throughout the year. This information will be provided to parents before the end of the summer term in the end of year summary report. In line with the Government commissioned report into testing in schools, children no longer sit a writing “test” in year 6. Instead, your child’s writing is assessed by their class teacher based upon a range of work over time.
Frequently Asked Questions
What happens if my child is working consistently below the level of the tests?
If your child is working consistently below the level of the tests, they will not be entered for the tests and will complete separate assessments instead.
Does my child have to take the tests?
In short, yes. If the school believes that your child is working within the range of the tests then the DfE state that the assessments are statutory.
What happens if my child is ill on the day of the test?
Please do inform the school if your child has needed any medication (other than routine medication) on the day of the test. If your child is just a little under the weather, we would suggest that your child comes in and sits the test before returning home. It can be arranged for your child to take the tests away from other pupils if this is required. For more serious cases where it is clear the child cannot attend school, we apply to the DfE for your child to sit the test on a different day to their peers.
How will the school prepare my child for the test week?
As you would expect from us, we will be supporting your child to achieve all that they can. We will be revising key points in lessons and the children will be learning from sample papers so that they understand the format of the tests. These small, achievable chunks should consolidate children’s learning in school. Most importantly, we do expect the children to work hard and do their best, but we will be consistently reminding the pupils that they can only do their best.
Remember this is just a marker at one point in time. A very small percentage of children are eligible for extra time to complete the tests, or use of a scribe or an amanuensis. This will be discussed with parents on an individual basis should this be the case.
How can I support my child?
Plenty of rest and a good breakfast certainly help. Supporting your child with homelearning in the lead up to the week through ensuring your child has somewhere to concentrate is always helpful. Hearing from you also that they can “only do their best” may reassure the children. During the week of the tests themselves, try to have as “normal” a week as possible!
What information will I receive afterwards?
Later in the summer term you will receive your child’s test results in reading and maths, alongside their result from the English grammar, punctuation and spelling test in the form of a scaled score. You will also receive your child’s teacher assessment levels in reading, writing, maths and science.
What is a scaled score?
After the tests have been taken in May 2016, the Government will convert the raw scores (ie the number of marks achieved out of the total available for each test) into a scaled score. This will be done for the first time this year and it is hoped that this will then be used for the forthcoming years to ensure consistency between year groups. The national standard will be 100.
- A child who scores 100 can be said to have demonstrated sufficient knowledge in the areas assessed by the tests.
- A child awarded a scaled score of more than 100 is judged to have exceeded the national standard and demonstrated a higher than expected knowledge of the curriculum for their age.
- A child awarded a scaled score of less than 100 is judged to have not yet met the national standard and performed below expectation for their age.
Is this information used by secondary schools?
Yes, however different schools use the information in different ways. Both the SATs results and teacher assessment results are shared with the secondary schools, along with more general information about your child. KS2 SATS results are stored centrally and are indicators of future attainment. Secondary schools may use them to inform decisions around streaming and GCSE options.
Are the results published?
Individual pupil results are not published. However, the school’s overall results (both SATs and teacher assessment) are published by the DfE on their website and these are often repeated in the local press.
Further information about the tests:
Reading Comprehension Test:
The reading test will be a single paper with questions based on 3 texts totalling 1800- 2300 words. Your child will have one hour, including reading time, to complete the test.
There will be a selection of question types, including:
Multiple choice – where would you be most likely to see this? Tick one of the options below.
Ranking/ordering – number the events below to show the order in which they occur.
Matching – Match text to purpose
Labelling – label text to show title
Find and Copy – Find and copy the word which….
Short response – When did this happen?
Open-ended response – How does the writer increase tension through this paragraph? Explain fully, referring to the text.
The children will need the following skills:
|Skills required:||Approx. % of marks available|
|Identify key details from fiction and non-fiction||16-50%|
|Make inferences from the text||16-50%|
|Explain the meanings of words in context||10-20%|
|Summarise main ideas from more than one paragraph||2-12%|
|Predict what might happen from details given and implied||Up to 6%|
|Identify/explain how meaning is enhanced through the choice of words||Up to 6%|
|Identify/explain how information is related and contributes to meaning as a whole||Up to 6%|
|Make comparison within the text||Up to 6%|
- The children can refer to the texts throughout the test to help them.
- One mark, two mark and three mark answers feature throughout, with varying degrees of detail required for each type of question.
Click here to see the Reading sample paper
Children will sit three papers in maths:
Paper 1: Arithmetic (30 minute written paper)
Paper 2 and 3: Mathematical fluency, solving problems and reasoning ( 40 minutes per paper)
Paper 1 will consist of fixed response questions, where children have to give the correct answer to calculations, including long multiplication and division. Papers 2 and 3 will involve a number of question types, including: Multiple choice; True or False; Constrained questions eg. giving the answer to a calculation, drawing a shape or completing a table or chart; Less constrained questions eg. where children have to explain their approach for solving a problem
Click here to see the maths sample paper
Writing Assessments (teacher assessed)
For your information, the following are the “assessment focuses” for writing. Your child’s writing level is arrived at depending on how well they:
- write interesting, imaginative and thoughtful texts.
- produce texts which are appropriate to task, reader and purpose.
- organise and present whole texts effectively, sequencing and structuring information, ideas and events.
- construct paragraphs and use cohesion between paragraphs.
- vary sentences for clarity, purpose and effect.
- write with technical accuracy of syntax and punctuation in phrases, clauses and sentences.
- select appropriate and effective vocabulary.
- use correct spelling.
Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Test (GPS):
The grammar, punctuation and spelling test will consist of two parts: a grammar and punctuation paper requiring short answers, lasting 45 minutes, and an aural spelling test of 20 words, lasting around 15 minutes.
The grammar and punctuation test will include two sub-types of questions: Mainly multiple-choice or short answers
Selected response, e.g. ‘Identify the adjectives in the sentence below’
Constructed response, e.g. ‘Correct/complete/rewrite the sentence below,’ or, ‘The sentence below has an apostrophe missing. Explain why it needs an apostrophe.’
Click here to see the sample GPS paper
If there is anything that you would like to discuss further, please do not hesitate to ask your child’s class teacher.